In Central Europe, the following cooperation agreements have been signed: six non-EU countries have adopted the euro (four by an agreement with the EU and two unilaterally), four third countries have officially joined the Schengen Agreement and others have joined a common military body. There are several agreements with overlapping memberships. Several countries participate in more agreements than others. The agreements are not mentioned when their scope extends beyond geographical Europe, simply because the agreement includes that the Baltic Free Trade Area (BAFTA) was a trade agreement between Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. It was signed on September 13, 1993 and came into effect on April 1, 1994. The agreement was then extended to agricultural products effective January 1, 1997. BAFTA ceased to exist when its members joined the EU on 1 May 2004. The agreements envisaged include the fifth phase of economic integration or EMU, the Schengen Agreement and the common security and defence policy. The UK remains a part of the internal market during the transition period of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA) allows Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein to participate in the European single market without joining. The four fundamental freedoms apply.
However, there are restrictions on fishing and agriculture. Switzerland is bound to the European Union by bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU, the content of which is different from that of the EEA agreement. The European Union has entered into visa-free agreements with some European countries outside the EU and has spoken with others; Armenia, Russia, Ukraine, and Moldova.  Issues concerning Turkey were also discussed.   Ireland and the United Kingdom have an independent visa policy in the EU. The table below shows the status of each member state in the various agreements supported by the EU. It lists 45 countries, including the 27 EU Member States, 5 candidate countries, EEA members (2 countries plus one EU candidate), three countries with soft relations with the EU, such as. B countries with ASA or participation agreements, as well as the other four micro-states (Liechtenstein being a member of the EEA) and Switzerland, which has several bilateral agreements with the EU. as well as two eastern partner states.
The agreement on the application of health and plant health measures is one of the last documents adopted at the end of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. It applies to all health measures (animal-related) and plant health measures (SPS) that may have a direct or indirect effect on international trade. The SPS agreement contains a number of agreements (trade disciplines) on how SPS measures are defined and applied by countries when they establish, revise or enforce their national laws and regulations.